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Cuba on the world map

The image above shows the map of Cuba on the world map.


ContinentNorth America
Lat/long21.5218° N, 77.7812° W
Area109,884Km² / 42,426mi²
NeighborsIsland Nation

Where is Cuba Located on the world map?

As our map shows, Cuba is located in the northern Caribbean, at the confluence of the Caribbean Sea, the Gulf of Mexico, and the Atlantic Ocean. Also, it is part of the Greater Antilles which make up the large islands in the Caribbean. The country lies approximately 90 miles south of Florida’s southern tip, making it the largest and closest Caribbean island to the United States. Cuba’s strategic location has played a significant role in its history, politics, and culture.

Provinces of Cuba

Cuba is divided into 15 provinces and one special municipality, the Isla de la Juventud. The provinces, from west to east, are Pinar del Río, Artemisa, Mayabeque, Havana, Matanzas, Cienfuegos, Villa Clara, Sancti Spíritus, Ciego de Ávila, Camagüey, Las Tunas, Holguín, Granma, Santiago de Cuba, and Guantánamo. Each province boasts its unique charm, attractions, and cultural heritage.

Places to Visit in Cuba

Cuba offers a plethora of must-see destinations for travelers. Havana, the capital city, is known for its colorful architecture, vintage cars, and lively music scene. Other popular destinations include the UNESCO World Heritage Sites of Trinidad, Cienfuegos, and Camagüey, as well as the stunning beaches of Varadero and Guardalavaca. Nature lovers can explore the lush Viñales Valley, the Sierra Maestra mountain range, and the Zapata Peninsula, home to diverse wildlife and the largest wetland in the Caribbean.

Cuba’s Physical Features

Cuba’s diverse landscape includes mountains, plains, and over 3,500 miles of coastline. The island’s highest peak, Pico Turquino, stands at 6,476 feet in the Sierra Maestra mountain range. Cuba also boasts numerous rivers, with the Cauto River being the longest at 230 miles. The island’s fertile soil and tropical climate support a rich variety of flora and fauna, making it a biodiversity hotspot.

Government and Politics of Cuba

Cuba is a socialist state governed by the Communist Party of Cuba. The country’s political system is characterized by a single-party rule, with the President of the Republic serving as both the head of state and government. While recent years have seen some economic and political reforms, Cuba remains one of the few remaining socialist countries in the world.

Economy and Infrastructure of Cuba

Cuba’s economy is primarily driven by tourism, agriculture, and exports of goods such as sugar, tobacco, and nickel. The government has made efforts to diversify the economy and attract foreign investment, particularly in the tourism sector. Infrastructure development has been a priority, with improvements in transportation, telecommunications, and energy production. However, challenges remain, including an aging infrastructure and limited access to resources.

What Is The Population Of Cuba?

Cuba’s population is estimated at around 11.3 million people, making it the most populous island in the Caribbean. The majority of the population is of mixed European and African descent, with smaller indigenous, Asian, and Middle Eastern communities also present. Spanish is the official language, and Roman Catholicism is the predominant religion.

Cuba’s Neighboring Countries:

Cuba is an island nation that shares maritime borders with several countries, including the United States to the north, the Bahamas to the northeast, Haiti to the east, Jamaica and the Cayman Islands to the south, and Mexico to the west. These neighboring countries have influenced Cuba’s culture, politics, and economy throughout its history.

Other Facts about Cuba

History of Cuba

Cuba’s rich history dates back to its indigenous inhabitants, the Taíno and Ciboney peoples. The island was discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1492 and later became a Spanish colony. Cuba gained independence from Spain in 1898, following the Spanish-American War. The 20th century saw significant political upheaval, including the Cuban Revolution led by Fidel Castro in 1959, which established the current socialist government.

Culture of Cuba

Cuban culture is a vibrant blend of indigenous, African, and European influences. Music and dance play a central role in Cuban life, with genres such as salsa, rumba, and son gaining international acclaim. Cuban cuisine is a delicious fusion of Spanish, African, and Caribbean flavors, while the island’s art scene showcases a diverse range of styles and mediums. Cuba’s rich cultural heritage is celebrated through numerous festivals and events throughout the year.

Education in Cuba

Cuba’s educational system is highly regarded, with a strong emphasis on universal access and high-quality instruction. Education is compulsory from ages 6 to 15, and the country boasts a nearly 100% literacy rate. Higher education is also widely accessible, with numerous universities and specialized institutions offering a range of degree programs.

Health in Cuba

Cuba’s healthcare system is renowned for its emphasis on preventive care and accessibility. The country has a well-developed network of hospitals, clinics, and primary care facilities, with healthcare provided free of charge to all citizens. Cuba’s medical professionals are highly trained, and the country has made significant contributions to global health through medical research and international aid programs.

Cuba’s Natural Resources

Cuba is endowed with a wealth of natural resources, including fertile agricultural land, mineral deposits, and abundant marine life. Key resources include sugar, tobacco, coffee, citrus fruits, nickel, cobalt, and petroleum. These resources play a vital role in the country’s economy and development.

Major Rivers of the Island of Cuba

Cuba’s numerous rivers provide essential water resources for agriculture, industry, and daily life. The most significant rivers include the Cauto, Zaza, and Toa, which traverse the island’s diverse landscapes and support a rich array of ecosystems.


The country’s terrain is generally characterized by low-lying plains, rolling hills, and a few scattered small mountain ranges. Here are some notable mountains in Cuba:

  • Sierra Maestra: The Sierra Maestra is the largest mountain range in Cuba. Pico Turquino, the highest peak in Cuba, is located in this range and reaches an elevation of 1,974 meters (6,476 feet).
  • Sierra del Escambray: Located in central Cuba, the Sierra del Escambray is a mountain range known for its lush forests and diverse wildlife. The highest peak in this range is Pico San Juan, standing at an elevation of 1,140 meters (3,740 feet).
  • Sierra de los Órganos: The Sierra de los Órganos is a mountain range known for its unique limestone formations. The highest point in this range is Pan de Guajaibón, which reaches an elevation of 699 meters (2,293 feet).